Scoliosis Deformity

Scoliosis/spinal deformity is a sideways curve of the spine that shows up as an “S” or “C” shape rather than a straight line down the back. It can occur in children, adolescents and adults. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, approximately 2 percent of the population has scoliosis.

Symptoms vary with age of onset and severity of the curvature. Many people have some degree of curvature of the spine, or scoliosis, yet experience little or no discomfort. Those with more severe scoliosis may experience back pain, disfigurement and nerve compression that can cause numbness, weakness and leg pain, especially upon standing or walking. 

Scoliosis in adults is classified into two main types:

Type 1/Progressive Scoliosis: A type of scoliosis that starts out mild or asymptomatic in young adults but worsens with age due to degenerative changes in the spine. 

Type II/ Adult Scoliosis: Scoliosis that begins in adulthood in response to degenerative disease of the spinal column. This type of scoliosis can progress at a much more rapid pace than in Type I Adult Scoliosis. 

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